The Wilton Dyptich (1395-99), with the earliest lively portrait of an English King, Richard II of Plantagenet, Edward’s of Woodstock son, heir to Edward III. Richard, kneeling, is introduced to the Virgin Mary and Christ (who blesses the Plantagenet) by three saints, John the Baptist, Saint Edward the Confessor and Saint Edmund the Martyr of East Anglia. In the outer side there are two different images, one is the heraldry of the King, that of England (fleurs de lys and rampant lions) impaled with the invented one of Edward the Confessor (a cross and nithingales); the other is the King’s emblem, a white hart, gorged by a crown.
Richard magnificent robes are embroidered with harts and rosemaries, and he wears a necklace with plante de genis (which gave name to the dinasty, as Godfrey of Anjou used to put plante de genis on his helmet and hats), and a livery badge with the white hart.
Richard II was dethroned by his cousin Henry of Bolingbroke, duke of Lancaster, who was crowned as Henry IV in 1399. A year later, 1400, Richard was murdered.